According to ITU Scientists, the Continents Are Dripping Like Honey; The Evidence is in Anatolia
Dec 12, 2017

Scientists have made important headway on the research of the structure of the continents and the development of the Anatolian Plate. Istanbul Technical University, Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences faculty, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Oğuz Hakan Göğüş and Prof. Dr. Celal Şengör, professor at the University of Toronto, Prof. Dr. Russell Pysklywec and Erkan Gün published their findings in the famous science journal, Nature Communications.

Nature Communications, known worldwide as a multidisciplinary scientific journal, has published the article led by Istanbul Technical University Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences faculty, Prof. Dr. Celâl Sengör, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Oğuz Hakan Göğüş, with support from Prof. Dr. Russell Pysklywec and Erkan Gün from the University of Toronto. The article revealed important clues about the physical behavior of the continents known to exist from the dawn of time about 4.3 billion years ago. The results also show the rise of the Anatolian Plate and how volcanic activity could have developed.


The roots of the continents are not deep

ITU Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences faculty, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Oğuz Hakan Göğüş, pointed out these project results, spanning over five years, and having an impact that is not limited to Turkey, but also on a world scale, was deemed worthy of publication by the members of the editorial board of Nature Communications magazine.

Assoc. Dr. Göğüş stated "We implemented the physical modeling technique with high-performance computers and tried to understand the millions of physical annual behaviour of the top layer of the Earth (about 120 km), the lithosphere. We compared the hundreds of models we came up with to those obtained from multidisciplinary research. In general, the continents are like ice floes floating on the sea. Just as we assume that the thicker the visible part of an iceberg is, the thicker it will be below the water surface, we assume that there is a larger mass that stretches deeper under higher mountains. However, the results we are getting from the models shows that the bases of the continents are heat up over time, and instead of breaking, they start to flow towards the deep depths (toward the mantle) like putty. When the continental part of the ground dripping like honey breaks off, it causes the remaining light part at the surface to bounce up.”

"The earth can quickly rise 1 km above sea level"

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Göğüş claims that in a few million years the earth could rise to 1 km above sea level, stating that ascension would be a relatively rapid process for earth scientists’ time scale. In addition, another important issue identified was the occurrence of volcanic explosions as a result of melting surface of the continental crust.


The Anatolian Plate’s change over 10 million years

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Göğüş, said that the research results also revealed a second and very important fact about the Anatolian plate, on which Turkey stands, to explain how it has changed from 10 million years ago to the present day. Dr. Göğüş remarked that the process of the applied model is extremely helpful to understand timing. Dr. Göğüş stated that the findings of the scientific hypothesis showed several things such as the "Persistent Droplets at the Roots of the Central Anatolia Plate"; 2) the development of volcanoes (especially the recent Anatolian volcanoes, Galatia and Cappadocia), and 3) demonstrating how ground-based tomographic images obtained with the help of earthquakes can explain how they developed.”

The continents continue to drip

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Göğüş, pointing out that it was very exciting to have Anatolia be an example for the models being tested, argued as a result of that continental (plate) movements, the bases of continents may have become thicker (more prone to dripping) as a result of pressure in an area where earthquakes are so active.


Our goal is to create 3D models

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Göğüş stated that the results are quite striking and that it could lead to new projects in earth science research. Dr. Göğüş stated that in that their subsequent projects, they wanted to achieve higher resolution results by completely rendering the proposed model in three dimensions, and to use the hypothesis to compare the development of volcanos which are known to have existed very recently (~ 9000 years ago) and the development of earthquake activities in Central Anatolia.